Pakistan Navy was established in 1947 by the Indian Muslim officers serving in the Royal Indian Navy. The title “Royal” was soon added but dismissed in 1956 when Pakistan became an Islamic Republic.
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Pakistan Navy‘s responsibility is to protect the nation’s seaports, marine borders, approximately 1,000 km (650 mi) of coastline, and supporting national security and Peacekeeping missions.
Its operational scope has expanded to greater national due to around 71 commissioned warships and 36,000 active-duty personnel and international responsibility in countering the threat of sea-based global terrorism, drug smuggling, and trafficking problems.
Naval Headquarters (NHQ) is the single command structure based at Rawalpindi Cantt near the Joint Staff HQ. The Navy is commanded by the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), who is by statute a Four-Star Officer, selected by the President, with the necessary consultation and approval of the Prime Minister.
Till October 2014, Admiral Muhammad Zakaullah is the Chief of Naval Staff.
The Navy runs the domestically-built Agosta 90B submarines.
Navy Day is celebrated on 8 September to memorialize its service in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
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Marines are recommended by the Navy, based on Royal Marines, the Pakistan Marines were formed on 1 July 1971 to start riverine operations in East Pakistan.
The Marines attended their first warfare actions in marine during the Bangladesh Liberation War, fighting against the Indian Army.
The Marines were decommissioned by 1974 Due to poor battle performance in the war, high losses and casualties, and the inability to counter the Indian Army completely.
Though, Marines continued to survive in their initial form until 1988 to meet the fundamental security requirements of Pakistan Navy units. The Marines were recommissioned under Commander M. Obaidullah In 1990.
The Marines are the uniform service branch under the Pak Navy whose direction comes directly from the Pakistan Navy.
It according to the Navy’s rank code but conducts its joined battle training with Army at Pakistan Military Academy Kakul and School of Infantry in Quetta.
Marine’s single command structure is based at the Manora Fort in Qasim Marine Base in Karachi.
The Marines are within the command of the Commander Coast (COMCOAST), by statute a Two-Star rear-admiral.
According to the ISPR, the Marines are deployed in the southeastern areas of Pakistan to avoid infiltration and secret activities from the Indian Army.
Rear Admiral Bashir Ahmed is the current serving Commandant of Marines.
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