Frontier Corps is a Paramilitary Force of Pakistan known as the FC and established in 1878. The duty of the Frontier Corps (FC) is to maintain law and order while monitoring the control of the country’s borders with Afghanistan and Iran, currently serving in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan.
Frontier Corps consists of two separate groups, the one is FC KPK and the second is FC Balochistan. FC KPK is serving in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province that is earlier recognized as the North-West Frontier Province and now including the FATA (Now KPK).
FC Balochistan is serving in Balochistan province. Each group is supervised by a Pakistan Army officer of at least major-general rank
In fact, each FC itself falls under the interior minister’s jurisdiction.
The purpose of the Frontier Corps is to help local law enforcement, conduct border patrols and anti-smuggling operations with a workforce of approximately 80,000 personnel.
Some constituent units of the FC such as the South Waziristan Scouts, Khyber Rifles, the Tochi Scouts, Swat Levies, the Chitral, Scouts the Zhob Militia and the Kurram Militia regiments have a history dating back as far as British European colonial times.
During the 1965 war, the Khyber Rifles was established and fought with perfection in Kashmir.
Role of Frontier Corps
- Border Security Duties
- Provide assistance to the Army/FCNA for the defense of the country as needed
- Make sure communication routes and centers are protected
- Take part in anti-militancy/criminal/terrorism operations on orders
- Provide assistance to law enforcement agencies in the maintenance of law and order
- The protection of important sites and assets
In difficult times, the government seldom gives the FC the power to arrest and hold suspects, as it did at the end of 2012 and early 2013 when the Prime Minister of Pakistan allowed the FC police powers.
Provincial and federal authorities may also extend the powers on the orders of the President and by consent of the province or federal government.
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In Frontier Corps Army senior command positions are filled by Pakistan Army officers who have been seconded for two or three years.
The Training Academy of Scouts is located in Mirali in North Waziristan.
Frontier Corps Peshawar headquarters are located in Bala Hisar Fort in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Nadeem Ahmed Anjum is the leader of the FC in Balochistan and FC Balochistan headquarter is located in Quetta. FC Balochistan has more than 50,000 active personnel.
Training Center for FC soldiers is located in Loralai and the Battle School for advanced training is located in Khuzdar.
Currently, the FC Army is consists of thirty-four local units—nineteen in Balochistan and fifteen in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province.
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Frontier Corps Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North)
- Chitral Scouts (1903)
- Khyber Rifles (1878)
- Bara Rifles (1944)
- Mohmand Rifles
- Tirah Rifles
- Orakzai Scouts
- Dir Scouts (1970)
- Bajur Scouts (1961)
Frontier Corps Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (South)
- Kurram Militia (1892)
- South Waziristan Scouts (1900)
- Tochi Scouts (1894)
- Shawal Rifles
- Khattak Scouts
- Thal Scouts (1948)
- Bhittani Rifles (2015)
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Frontier Corps Balochistan (North)
- Zhob Militia (1883)
- Nushki Militia (1896)
- Sibi Scouts (1971)
- Chaman Scouts (1946)
- Maiwand Rifles (1944)
- Ghazaband Scouts (1977)
- Bambore Rifles (1977)
- Loralai Scouts (1977)
- Qilla Abdullah Scouts (2005)
- Sui Rifles (2011)
- Chiltan Rifles (2016)
Frontier Corps Balochistan (South)
- Kharan Rifles (1965)
- Dasht Scouts (2018)
- Mekran/Makran Scouts (1974)
- Taftan Rifles (1977)
- Dalbandin Rifles (2007–08)
- Awaran Militia (2006)
- Panjgur Rifles (2005)
- Kalat Scouts (1965)
Also, check: Pakistan Rangers
Other units also located in Balochistan
- Frontier Corps Training Centre, Loralai (FCTC)
- IAC SQN
- Frontier Corps Battle School
- SOW (Special Operation Wing – Janinda)
As of 2015, there were 80,000 active personnel. As of 2015, there were 80,000 active personnel and security has been improved with additional wings. Members of the Frontier Corps are recruited locally and are supervised by officers of the Pakistani Army.
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Their equipment consists of various handguns, Type 56 & QBZ-95 assault rifles, RPG 7 rocket-launcher, G3, mortars and MG3 general-purpose machine gun, short-range artillery as well as aviation support, AFVs, APCs and Medium Tanks.
FC Schools and Colleges
A majority of FC educational institutes in Balochistan are affiliated with a federal board rather than with a provincial administration.
- Major Pervaiz Shaheed FC School and College, Beleli, Quetta. (Ghazaband scouts)
- Lieutenant Safiullah Shaheed FC school, Nushki. (Chaghi Militia)
- FC school, Chaman. (Pishin scouts)
- FC school, Loralai.