The Punjab Police (پنجاب پولیس) is the law enforcement agency of the Punjab Province responsible for maintaining law and order there. IG Punjab is in charge of the department. The law enforcement agency controls all criminal cases in Punjab, Pakistan, by taking action under the Police Act 1861 and 2002.
The new Inspector General of Punjab Police is Rao Sardar Ali Khan, PSP as of 7 September 2021.
The Mughal Empire organized its policing system around land tenure. Zamindars were responsible for catching disturbers of the peace as well as other duties related to law enforcement. This function was performed by village headmen at the village level.
The task of administering the police was entrusted to a group of police officers called Kotwals, who also handled on and revenue collection. Patrol officers in the shape of village watchmen or pat. The patrol officers were represented by village watchmen or patels in villages and by peons, horse patrolmen and other men similar to them in towns. Military forces usually dealt with violent organized crime.
British rule introduced the modern system of policing. By introducing magistrates with Daroghas and other subordinate officers for police duties, the British administration relieved the Zamindars of their responsibility. A similar pattern was adhered to by the Punjab Police, which consisted of two major departments, the Military Preventive Police and the Civil Detective Police.
Due to the fact that this arrangement was not satisfactory, the Government of British India in 1860 asked the Government of Punjab to examine the policing system that was in place in the province.
Despite this, the central government created a commission to investigate the entire issue of police in British India as it was an issue of general importance. Police were relocated to districts under the supervision of district superintendents following the recommendation of the Calcutta Police Commission of 1860.
According to the Commission, any Police functions should be carried out by the District Magistrate. After the commission submitted its recommendations, the Government of India submitted a bill, which later became Act V of 1861.
The Police Act of 1861 was approved. The Act’s organizational structure is still in existence currently. The Punjab Police Rules of 1933 detailed current police practices and established certain new measures aimed at increasing police administration and operational performance.
The substance of the Rules demonstrates that by 1934, the Punjab Police had evolved into a highly professional police force with an extensive understanding of the province’s crime and criminals.
It had devised excellent methods and practices for handling a variety of criminal offenses. The administrative and disciplinary duties have also been developed. The Restrictions have served as a model for similar rules in other Pakistani provinces, and they are still in effect today.
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Police in Punjab after Independence
The Punjab Police Department was important in resolving the 1947–48 refugee issue. It remained independent until 1955 when it was combined with the police forces of neighboring provinces to form the West Pakistan Police.
Inayat Ali Shah was the DIG West Pakistan. DIG East Pakistan and DIG West Pakistan used to answer to the same IG, who was Qurban Ali Khan in the 1950s. Several initiatives to examine and improve police organization and performance were made in the 1950s and 1960s, but none of them were successful.
As a result of the Devolution of Power Plan, which was implemented between 2001 and 2006, Pakistan’s legal framework for police saw significant changes. The Plan called for the devolution of a large percentage of the Provincial Government’s authority and functions to districts, as well as the implementation of public police accountability.
Under the Devolution of Power Plan, the district Deputy Commissioner’s post was disbanded in 2001, and the Punjab Local Government Ordinance 2001 established a district government structure. In 2002, a new police rule, the Police Order, replaced the Police Act 1861 as part of the Plan. It resulted in significant reforms in the police force. Public Safety Commissions were established at the local, provincial, and national levels as a result of the new law.
In addition, the Police Order of 2002 established an independent Police Complaints Authority, expanded the Inspector General of Police’s autonomy, and instituted functional specialization by separating investigation from other police activities. The Punjab Police Department is now involved in anti-terrorist activities in the province.
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The Punjab Police Service is governed by the Police Order of 2002 and the Police Rules of 1934. In Lahore, there is a Central Police Office (CPO) with several functional sections, including Finance & Welfare, Legal Affairs Division (Legal Branch), Establishment, Operations, Training, Research & Development, and so on. These units are answerable to the Inspector General of Police via their respective Additional Inspectors General of Police.
Regional Police Officers report directly to the Inspector General of Police and are not part of the Punjab Central Police Office (CPO). The Inspector General of Police serves as an ex-officio secretary to the Punjab Government. Officers from the Punjab Police and the Pakistan Police Service make up the Punjab Police.
Specified Forces in Punjab Police Department
- Anti Riot Force (ARF)
- Punjab Safe Cities Authority (PSCA)
- Counter Terrorism Department (CTD)
- Criminal Investigation Agency(CIA)
- Special Protection Unit (SPU)
- Punjab Elite Force
- Punjab Boundary Force
- Punjab River Police
- Punjab Traffic Police
- Punjab Highway Patrol
- Punjab Dolphin Force
- Punjab Constabulary
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The main police formations are as follows:
- Central Police Office (CPO), Punjab
- Police Regions
- Investigation Branch
- Special Branch
- Telecommunication Branch
- Operation branch
- 92FS Beretta
- Glock Pistols
- Pakistani MP5 (P2 & P3) and POF-5 variants in use by Heckler & Koch (Manufactured under license by POF)
- Type 56 assault rifle.
- Pakistani G3 (P3 & P4) models of Heckler & Koch are in use (Manufactured under license by Pakistan Ordnance Factories)
- Rheinmetall MG 3 – Mounted on vehicles (Manufactured by Pakistan Ordnance Factories under license)
- Riot Guns
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- Suzuki Cultus
- Suzuki Mehran
- Nissan Patrol
- Suzuki Every
- Honda City
- Suzuki Swift
- Toyota Land Cruiser
- Toyota Land Cruiser (70 Series)
- Toyota Fortuner
- Toyota Prius
- Mohafiz (Internal Security Vehicle)
- Toyota Hilux (Single Cab & Double Cabin Vigo)
- Toyota Corolla
Officers are assigned cars according to their rank, and bulletproof vehicles are only offered to police officers serving in critical positions or who face specific security threats.
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Designations of Punjab Police in Pakistan are as follow:
|BPS-17||Assistant Superintendent of Police/Deputy Superintendent of Police||ASP/DSP|
|BPS-18||Superintendent of Police||SP|
|BPS-19||Senior Superintendent of Police/Assistant Inspector General||SSP/AIG|
|BPS-20||Deputy Inspector General||DIG|
|BPS-21||Additional Inspector General||Addl. IG|
|BPS-22||Inspector General of Police||IGP|
Check: Punjab Police Ranks
Punjab Police Postings
The following are police posts list, not ranks:
As a result, if necessary, a lower rank may operate as a higher police post for a period of time.
Pakistan Police Uniform
The Punjab police uniform was redesigned in 2018 from its classic black shirts and Khaki pants to an all-olive-green uniform. Mixed reactions greeted the shift. Although the government claimed to have engaged professional designers before standardizing this new uniform, many people have regarded it as drab, and several police officers have remarked that it is less attractive.
Check: Police Report Punjab
For any emergency, Punjab Police helpline number is 15. The Punjab Police complaint number is 8787. The IG Punjab Police complaint number cell number is 1787.
For Punjab Police online complaint, click on the below link to visit Police Punjab official website or visit www punjab police gov pk.
| Visit Site |
Punjab Police Officers List
The list of Punjab Police Officer (IGPs) are as follows:
- Rao Sardar Ali Khan (08.09.2021 to date)
- Inam Ghani (09.09.2020 to 08.09.2021)
- Shoaib Dastgir (28.11.2019 to 09.09.2020)
- Capt. (R) Arif Nawaz Khan (17.04.2019 to 28.11.2019)
- Amjad Javed Saleemi (15.10.2018 to 17.04.2019)
- Muhammad Tahir (11.09.2018 to 15.10.2018)
- Dr. Syed Kaleem Imam (13.06.2018 to 11.09.2018)
- Capt. (R) Arif Nawaz Khan (25.07.2017 to 13.06.2018)
- Capt. (R) Muhammad Usman (10.04.2017 to 25.07.2017)
- Mushtaq Ahmad Sukhera (17.06.2014 to 10.04.2017)
- Khan Baig (25.05.2013 to 15.06.2014)
- Aftab Sultan (01.04.2013 to 25.05.2013)
- Haji Mohammad Habib ur Rehman (17.02.2012 to 01.01.2013)
- Javed Iqbal (07.01.2011 to 17.02.2012)
- Tariq Saleem (27.04.2009 to 31.12.2010)
- Kh. Khalid Farooq (25.02.2009 to 01.04.2009)
- Shaukat Javed (17.04.2008 to 25.02.2009) (01.04.2009 to 22.04.2009)
- Syed Azhar Hassan Nadeem (29.02.2008 to 16.04.2008)
- Ahmad Nasim (29.12.2006 to 27.02.2008)
- Zia-ul-Hassan Khan (10.06.2005 to 29.12.2006)
- Saadat Ullah Khan (01.04.2004 to 09.06.2005)
- Syed Masud Shah (12.12.2002 to 31.03.2004)
- Malik Asif Hayat (12.06.2000 to 11.12.2002)
- Muhammad Rafique Haider (26.10.1999 to 12.06.2000)
- Jehan Zaib Burki (18.03.1997 to 26.10.1999)
- Ch. Muhammad Amin (November 1996)
- Zulfiqar Ali Qureshi (08.08.1996 to 26.11.1996)
- Muhammad Abbas Khan (26.07.1993 to 08.08.1996)
- G. Asghar Malik (01.06.1993 to 21.07.1993)
- Sardar Muhammad Chaudhry (June 1991)
- Manzoor Ahmad (08.03.1989 to 20.06.1991)
- Nisar Ahmad Cheema (18.08.1987 to 06.03.1989)
- Hafiz S. D. Jamy (September 1985)
- Laeeq Ahmad Khan (June 1981)
- Obaid-Ur-Rehman Khan (November 1980)
- Muhammad Azam Qazi (July 1979)
- Habib Ur Rehman Khan (February 1978)
- Khawaja Masrur Hussain (September 1977)
- Commander M. A. R. Arif (July 1977)
- Ch. Fazal-e-Haq (March 1977)
- Atta Hussain (April 1976)
- Rao Abdur Rashid (August 1974)
- Sahibzada Raoof Ali (October 1972)
- Muhammad Anwar Afridi (April 1970)
- Mian Bashir Ahmad (July 1968)
- S. D. Qureshi (July 1963)
- Muhammad Sharif Khan (May 1958)
- A. B. Awan (May 1956)
- S. N. Alam (August 1962, June 1953)
- Mian Anwar Ali (October 1955, May 1955, February 1953, August 1952)
- Khan Qurban Ali Khan (October 1952, August 1947)
Check: Punjab Police Constable
Punjab Police Uniform
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