Command Structure of Pakistan Army

The Structure of Pakistan Army is provided by the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC), which manages the army from the Joint Staff Headquarters (JS HQ). It is adjacent to the Air HQ, Navy HQ, and Army General HQ (GHQ) in the Rawalpindi Military.

The Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee consists of the Chairman Joint Chiefs, the Chief of Army Staff, the Chief of Air Staff, the Chief of Naval Staff, the Commandant Marines, and the Special Plans Commander Division.

About the JS HQ, it is composed of the office of Engineer-in-Chief, Navy Hydrographer, Surgeon-General of each Inter-Service, Director of JS HQ, and Director-Generals (DGs) of ISPR, ISSB, ISI, and the SPD Force.

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Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC)

Due to army failures in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation War, federal studies on civil-military relations were held by a commission led by Hamoodur Rahman, Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Orders of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission helped establish the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee to regulate all military work and oversee joint missions and their execution during operations.

The chairmanship of the JCSC revolves around the three main service branches. It is selected by the Prime Minister and confirmed by the President. The chairman outranks all other Four-Star officers. However, he does not have operational command power over the armed forces.

As a Chief Military Adviser, he assists the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense in exercising their command functions.

Technically, the JCSC is the most leading military body. JCSC’s chairman works as the Principal Staff Officer (PSO) to the civilian Prime Minister, Cabinet, National Security Council (its adviser), and President. It deals with joint training, integrated joint logistics, and joint military planning. It provides strategic directions for the armed forces and regularly reviews the three main service branches’ roles, sizes, and conditions.

JCSC advises the civilian government on strategic communications, industrial mobilization plans, and formulating defence plans.

In multiple ways, the JCSC provides a vital link to understand, maintain balance, and resolve conflicts between military and political circles.

At times of peace, the principal functions of the JCSC are to conduct civil-military input. In times of war, the chairman acts as Principal Military Adviser to the Prime Minister in joint warfare supervision and conduct.

Image Name Position Service
General Asim Munir Chief of Army Staff Pakistan Army
General Sahir Shamshad Mirza Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Pakistan Army
Air Chief Marshal Zaheer Ahmad Babar Sidhu Chief of Air Staff Pakistan Air Force
Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi Chief of Naval Staff Pakistan Navy

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